Download e-book for iPad: 2011-2012 Basic and Clinical Science Course, Section 2: by K.V. Chalam, MD, PhD

By K.V. Chalam, MD, PhD

Presents the fundamental medical grounding for present ophthalmic perform. Discussions conceal ocular anatomy, embryology, the biochemistry and metabolism of the attention and the newest advancements in eye-related molecular and medical genetics reports. comprises information regarding ocular pharmacotherapeutics, up to date drug details and a dialogue of the criminal elements of clinical remedy. final significant revision 2009 2010.

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Additional info for 2011-2012 Basic and Clinical Science Course, Section 2: Fundamentals and Principles of Ophthalmology (Basic & Clinical Science Course)

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In each quadrant and exit l4-25 mm from the limbus between the rectus muscles. The ampullae of the vortex veins are 8-9 mm from the ora serrata and are visible by indirect ophthalmoscopy. A circle connecting these ampullae corresponds rough ly to the equator and divides the central or posterior fundus from the peripheral portion. CHAPTER 2 The Eye Topographic Features of the Globe The eyeball, or globe, is not a true sphere. The radius of curvature of the corn ea (8 mm ) is smaller than that of the sclera (I2 m m), making the shape of the globe an oblate spheroid (Fig 2- \ ).

Smaller than twitch-type fibers. they have a slow. smooth contraction and tend to be located more superficially in the muscle. nearer the orbital wall. The tonic-type fibers are innervated by multiple grapeli ke nerve endin gs (e /1 grappe) and are useful for smooth pursuit. The twi tch-type fibers are more similar to skeletal muscle fibers. Larger than tonic fibers and located deeper in the muscle, they have a fast contraction and platelike nerve endings (e /1 plaque). Twitch fibers aid in rapid saccadic movements of the eye.

From Bran AJ. Tnpathi Re, Tflpalhi 8J. Wolff's Anatomy 01the Eye and Orbit. 8th ed. ) Eyelash, glands of Zeis and Moll al its follicle levator aponeurosis establishes its first insertional attachments. ) The aponeurosis forms its firmest attachments on th e anterior aspect of the tarsus aboul 3 111111 superior to the eyelid margin. Margin T he eyelid margin contains several important landmarks (F ig 1-27). A small opening, the punctum of the canaliculus, presents mediall y at the summit of each lacrimal papUla.

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