By K.V. Chalam, MD, PhD
Presents the fundamental medical grounding for present ophthalmic perform. Discussions conceal ocular anatomy, embryology, the biochemistry and metabolism of the attention and the newest advancements in eye-related molecular and medical genetics reports. comprises information regarding ocular pharmacotherapeutics, up to date drug details and a dialogue of the criminal elements of clinical remedy. final significant revision 2009 2010.
Read Online or Download 2011-2012 Basic and Clinical Science Course, Section 2: Fundamentals and Principles of Ophthalmology (Basic & Clinical Science Course) PDF
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Additional info for 2011-2012 Basic and Clinical Science Course, Section 2: Fundamentals and Principles of Ophthalmology (Basic & Clinical Science Course)
In each quadrant and exit l4-25 mm from the limbus between the rectus muscles. The ampullae of the vortex veins are 8-9 mm from the ora serrata and are visible by indirect ophthalmoscopy. A circle connecting these ampullae corresponds rough ly to the equator and divides the central or posterior fundus from the peripheral portion. CHAPTER 2 The Eye Topographic Features of the Globe The eyeball, or globe, is not a true sphere. The radius of curvature of the corn ea (8 mm ) is smaller than that of the sclera (I2 m m), making the shape of the globe an oblate spheroid (Fig 2- \ ).
Smaller than twitch-type fibers. they have a slow. smooth contraction and tend to be located more superficially in the muscle. nearer the orbital wall. The tonic-type fibers are innervated by multiple grapeli ke nerve endin gs (e /1 grappe) and are useful for smooth pursuit. The twi tch-type fibers are more similar to skeletal muscle fibers. Larger than tonic fibers and located deeper in the muscle, they have a fast contraction and platelike nerve endings (e /1 plaque). Twitch fibers aid in rapid saccadic movements of the eye.
From Bran AJ. Tnpathi Re, Tflpalhi 8J. Wolff's Anatomy 01the Eye and Orbit. 8th ed. ) Eyelash, glands of Zeis and Moll al its follicle levator aponeurosis establishes its first insertional attachments. ) The aponeurosis forms its firmest attachments on th e anterior aspect of the tarsus aboul 3 111111 superior to the eyelid margin. Margin T he eyelid margin contains several important landmarks (F ig 1-27). A small opening, the punctum of the canaliculus, presents mediall y at the summit of each lacrimal papUla.