By John M. Last
Dictionary making by no means ends simply because languages are continuously altering. favourite through the global, this booklet will proceed to function the normal English-language dictionary of epidemiology in its Fourth variation. It covers the entire universal phrases utilized in epidemiology and lots of from comparable fields equivalent to biostatistics, infectious sickness regulate, healthiness merchandising, genetics, medical epidemiology, overall healthiness economics, and scientific ethics. The definitions are transparent and concise, yet there's house for a few short essays and discussions of the provenance of vital phrases. backed through the overseas Epidemiological organization, the dictionary represents the consensus of epidemiologists in lots of assorted nations. all of the definitions have been reviewed many times via a global community of individuals from each significant department of epidemiology. they're authoritative with no being authoritarian. The Fourth version includes good over one hundred fifty new entries and great revisions of in regards to the similar variety of definitions, plus a dozen new illustrations. a few of the new phrases relate to equipment utilized in environmental and medical epidemiology.
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Extra resources for A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 4th edition
Erksonj. Limitations of the application of fourfold table analysis to hospital data. Biometrics Butt 1946; 2:47-53. , death or survival. See also BINOMIAL DISTRIBUTION. 1 This was descended from a nosology proposed in 1853 by Marc d'Espigne and William Farr; Bertillon's classification was adopted at the International Statistical Institute (conference) in Chicago in 1893 and was the progenitor of the INTERNATIONAL CLASSIFICATION OF DISEASES (ICD). history and development of the ICD. ICD-10, Vol.
ICD-10, Vol. 2, Geneva, Switzerland: WHO, 1993. BETA ERROR See ERROR, TYPE II. BIAS Deviation of results or inferences from the truth, or processes leading to such deviation. Any trend in the collection, analysis, interpretation, publication, or review of data that can lead to conclusions that are systematically different from the truth. Among the ways in which deviation from the truth can occur, are the following: 1. Systematic (one-sided) variation of measurements from the true values (syn: systematic error).
It is assumed that causes other than the one under investigation have had equal effects on the exposed and unexposed groups. ATTRIBUTABLE NUMBER The number of new occurrences of a specific outcome attributable to an exposure; it may be estimated using the formula where 7e is the incidence rate among the exposed, 7U is the incidence rate among the unexposed, and Ne is the number of persons in the exposed population. It is assumed that causes other than the one under investigation have had equal effects on the exposed and unexposed groups.