By Nicholas Hagger
Within the New Philosophy of Universalism Nicholas Hagger defined a brand new philosophy that restates the order in the universe, the oneness of humankind and an unlimited truth perceived as gentle; and its purposes in lots of disciplines, together with literature. during this paintings of literary Universalism, which contains ahead the pondering in T.S. Eliot's 'Tradition and the person Talent' and different essays, Hagger strains the elemental subject of worldwide literature, which has alternating metaphysical and secular facets: a quest for fact and immortality; and condemnation of social vices on the subject of an implied advantage. on the grounds that classical instances those antithetical traditions have periodically been synthesised by means of Universalists. Hagger units out the realm Universalist literary culture: the writers who from precedent days have established their paintings at the basic Universalist subject matter. those are available within the Graeco-Roman international, the center a long time and Renaissance, within the Baroque Age, within the Neoclassical, Romantic Victorian and Modernist sessions, and within the glossy time. He demonstrates that the Universalist sensibility is a synthesis of the metaphysical and secular traditions, and a mix of the Romantic encouraged mind's eye (the internal school during which Romantic poets approached the sunshine) and the Neoclassical imitative method of literature which emphasizes social order and share, a mixture present in the Baroque time of the Metaphysical poets, and in Victorian and Modernist literature. Universalists exhibit their cross-disciplinary sensibility in literary epic, as did Homer, Virgil, Dante and Milton, and in a couple of genres inside literature - and in heritage and philosophy. Universalist historians declare that each civilisation is nourished via a metaphysical imaginative and prescient that's expressed in its artwork, and whilst it declines secular, materialist writings lose touch with its critical imaginative and prescient. As Universalist literary works restate the order in the universe, exhibit metaphysical Being and restoration the imaginative and prescient of truth, Hagger excitingly argues that the Universalist sensibility renews Western civilisation's healthiness. Literary Universalism is a circulation that revives the metaphysical outlook and combines it with the secular, materialistic method of literature that has predominated in recent years. it may possibly perform a revolution in proposal and tradition and provide a brand new course in modern literature. This paintings conveys Universalism's impression on literature, and will be learn by means of all who've issues concerning the affliction and decline of latest European/Western tradition.
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Extra resources for A New Philosophy of Literature: The Fundamental Theme and Unity of World Literature
Beginning with close readings of the verbal and visual images in The Book of Urizen, The Book of Ahania, and The Book of Los, which are all deeply concerned with the generation of individual identity as a punitive restriction from the inﬁnite world beyond the conﬁnes of the self, I consider the relationship between Blake’s conceptualizations of individual identity and contemporary theories of subjectivity. I also investigate in greater detail than in the other chapters the nature of the relationship between Blake’s understanding of identity, belonging, and community and certain philosophical, religious, and political traditions going back to at least the middle of the seventeenth century.
Particularly from a radical antinomian stance, it was possible to propose both a levelling of political and economic power and a sense of minute particularity that need not be hardened into the reiﬁed—and even imprisoning— form of identity articulated by Locke and his politicophilosophical progeny. As against the Lockean position which afﬁrms bounded subjectivity (according to which “Man” is “only a natural organ subject to Sense,”39 “Reasoning upon its own Dark Fiction / In Doubt which is Self Contradiction”),40 Blake, for example, repeatedly stresses an immanent conception of God, and hence a human potential for the inﬁnite: “He who sees the Inﬁnite in all things sees God.
As against the Lockean position which afﬁrms bounded subjectivity (according to which “Man” is “only a natural organ subject to Sense,”39 “Reasoning upon its own Dark Fiction / In Doubt which is Self Contradiction”),40 Blake, for example, repeatedly stresses an immanent conception of God, and hence a human potential for the inﬁnite: “He who sees the Inﬁnite in all things sees God. He who sees the Ratio only sees himself only. ”41 The extent to which these lines articulate an antinomian stance seen in much of Blake’s work has been suggested by numerous scholars.