By Michael Lynch
The Access to History sequence is the preferred and relied on sequence for AS- and A-level heritage scholars. the recent variants mix all of the strengths of this well-loved sequence with a brand new layout and contours that permit all scholars entry to the content material and research talents had to in attaining examination luck. This identify attracts on content material from the bestselling titles Reaction and Revolution: Russia, 1894-1924 and Bolshevik and Stalinist Russia, 1918-56. it's been thoroughly revised and up-to-date to compare the 2008 OCR AS specification and is now excited by the interval from 1894 to 1941. It starts with the location in Russia below Tsar Nicholas II after which is going directly to learn the motives and results of the 1905 and 1917 revolutions, the Bolshevik fight to achieve energy, and the eventual upward push of Stalin. The political, fiscal, and social advancements via this era and the consequences of those are explored and analyzed all through. through the e-book key dates, phrases, and concerns are highlighted, and historic interpretations of key debates are defined. precis diagrams are integrated to consolidate wisdom and figuring out of the interval, and exam-style questions and information written through an examiner for the OCR specification give you the chance to increase examination talents.
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Additional resources for Access to History. From Autocracy to Communism: Russia 1894-1941
However, after a particular set of divisions had gone in his favour, Lenin claimed that he and his supporters were the majority. This led to their being called Bolsheviks while Martov’s group became known as Mensheviks. Initially, the main point dividing Bolsheviks and Mensheviks was simply one of procedure. However, following the split in 1903 the differences between them hardened into a set of opposed attitudes. 7). By 1912 the Bolsheviks and Mensheviks had become two distinct and opposed Marxist parties.
Their reports spoke of funny foreign gentlemen all speaking at the same time and trying to out-shout each other. No matter how much the SDs may have amused the London bobbies, they took themselves very seriously. A deep divide developed between Lenin and his Iskra co-editor Julius Martov, who shared Plekhanov’s viewpoint about membership. Their quarrel was as much to do with personality as with politics. Martov believed that behind Lenin’s tactics was a fierce determination to become dictator of the party.
In practice, democratic centralism meant the Bolsheviks doing what Lenin told them to do. Lenin and the Bolsheviks The later success of Bolshevism in the October Revolution has tempted writers to overstate the importance of Lenin in the period before 1917. For example, Trotsky, who joined Lenin in 1917 after having been a Menshevik, argued in his later writings that the Bolsheviks had been systematically preparing the ground for revolution from 1903 onwards. But the fact was that during the years 1904 to 1917 Lenin was largely absent from Russia.