By Saint Basil of Caesarea
Basil of Caesarea is taken into account one of many architects of the Pro-Nicene Trinitarian doctrine followed on the Council of Constantinople in 381, which jap and western Christians to this present day profess as "orthodox." Nowhere is his Trinitarian theology extra in actual fact expressed than in his first significant doctrinal paintings, opposed to Eunomius, accomplished in 364 or 365 CE. Responding to Eunomius, whose Apology gave renewed impetus to a practice of starkly subordinationist Trinitarian theology that might continue to exist for many years, Basil's opposed to Eunomius displays the serious controversy raging at the moment between Christians around the Mediterranean global over who God is. during this treatise, Basil makes an attempt to articulate a theology either one of God's unitary essence and of the exact positive aspects that symbolize the daddy, Son, and Holy Spirit--a contrast that a few hail because the cornerstone of "Cappadocian" theology. In opposed to Eunomius, we see the conflict now not easily of 2 dogmatic positions at the doctrine of the Trinity, yet of 2 essentially adverse theological equipment. Basil's treatise is as a lot approximately how theology must be performed and what humans can and can't find out about God because it is ready the exposition of Trinitarian doctrine. hence opposed to Eunomius marks a turning aspect within the Trinitarian debates of the fourth century, for the 1st time addressing the methodological and epistemological changes that gave upward thrust to theological changes. Amidst the polemical vitriol of opposed to Eunomius is a decision to epistemological humility at the a part of the theologian, a choice to acknowledge the constraints of even the easiest theology. whereas Basil sophisticated his theology during the process his occupation, opposed to Eunomius continues to be a testomony to his early theological improvement and a privileged window into the Trinitarian controversies of the mid-fourth century.
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Additional resources for Against Eunomius (Fathers of the Church)
15; 24. 5tic Philosophy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005), 355-411 at 407-8. INTRODUCTION matter. For Hiibner, Basil is intentionally rejecting the generic account of shared properties found in the broadly Aristotelian tradition that includes much of late ancient Platonism. This tradition accounted for shared properties among members of a kind by invoking an immaterial genus or species. When Basil uses the phrase "material substrate" in Against Eunomius, however, it is unclear whether he intends his readers to think of Stoic metaphysics as a suitable tool for describing the relation of the Son to the Father.
Basil has drawn on the philosophical koine of his day, rather than on any particular school's doctrine, for his positive assessment of conceptualization within theology. In Against Eunomius Basil also subdy draws upon non-Christian thought in his use of the language of "substance" (ousia, hypostasis, and hypokeimenon). This language is of obvious importance given its controversial status in the Trinitarian debates. But what does it mean? '84 That is, they used the phrase when describing objects simply as lumps of matter without specification or as lumps of a certain kind of matter-for instance, clay.
Nonetheless, because Basil believed that the scriptures were inspired, they were for him the authoritative and true "divine scripture,"'" "divine or"223 or "divine word,"'" the basis for all Christian theologiacIes, . " h cal reflection and knowledge of God. For him the Bible IS t e rule of life it is the standard of faith and morals, it is the source "225 , . II h of doctrine. It constitutes the supreme regula m a sp eres. Basil's hermeneutical assumptions and exegetical methodology in Against Eunomius have not been the subjec~ of detailed study.