By Angeleque Akin-Little, Steven G. Little, Melissa A. Bray, Thomas J. Kehle
This e-book offers institution psychologists, counselors, social employees, tuition directors, and academics with a precis of ecologically sound fundamental, secondary, and tertiary prevention recommendations. The participants conceal basics comparable to tips on how to behavior a behavioral evaluate, how you can degree therapy integrity and reaction to intervention, and the way to advertise generalization and upkeep of realized optimistic behaviors. in addition they speak about prevention measures equivalent to confident habit aid and staff contingencies that colleges can enforce system-wide. a number of chapters describe extra narrowly concentrated interventions equivalent to day-by-day record playing cards and self modeling, whereas the ultimate part explains easy methods to customise behavioral options for distinctive populations comparable to preschoolers; young ones with autism, internalizing, or externalizing issues; and those that have skilled trauma.
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Additional resources for Behavioral Interventions in Schools: Evidence-Based Positive Strategies
ANALYSIS OF ANTECEDENT EVENTS Antecedent events are those stimuli that occur immediately before an identified target behavior occurs. Functionally, they can be thought of as triggers or cues for a behavior. The obvious advantage to identifying and measuring antecedents is that by doing so, the practitioner can manipulate 32 WATSON AND WATSON them so as to change the likelihood that a particular behavior will occur. In schools, such broad events as task difficulty, transitions, physical proximity, and verbal instructions may act as antecedents for interfering behavior.
SINGLE-SUBJECT METHODOLOGY One of the basic premises of behavioral assessment is that the data collected assist in making decisions about the necessity and effectiveness of treatment. When determining whether treatment is necessary, school psychologists can conduct direct behavioral observations of the target student’s behavior and compare it with the data collected for another student in the same classroom. For instance, a referred student who is out of her seat an average of 63% of the time during math instruction may, at first glance, appear to be problematic.
San Francisco: JosseyBass. Martens, B. , & DiGennaro, F. D. (2008). Behavioral consultation. In W. P. Erchul & S. M. ), Handbook of research in school consultation: Empirical foundations for the field (pp. 147–170). New York: Taylor & Francis Group/ Routledge. Medway, F. , & Updyke, J. F. (1985). Meta-analysis of consultation outcome studies. American Journal of Community Psychology, 13, 489–505. Mortenson, B. , & Witt, J. C. (1998). The use of weekly performance data to increase teacher implementation of a prereferral academic intervention.