By A.R. Lacey
Bergson was once one of many preferable thinkers to return out of France within the overdue 19th century. A.R. Lacey examines his arguments from theories of metaphysics, id and psychoanalysis to his ethical philosophy and philosophy of technological know-how. This booklet will be of curiosity to academics and scholars of philosophy.
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Additional resources for Bergson (Arguments of the Philosophers)
But this rep1 , whether or not adequate in itself, would go against the spirit of iTis general position, which emphasises an asymmetry between journeys and distances. If we allow sub-steps to exist corres onding to the subdistances we could as well point out that the If istances too cannot actually be divided to infinity; whatever will be true of the substeps will be true of the sub-distances and vice versa. The answer I suspect Bergson would really give is this: when we add the s aces covered by the different steps we get a space that is indee B the magnitude of something, namely of Achilles’ complete journey.
That provided by the earth, as absolute, not in a metaphysical sense but in the sense that one treats it as basic for scientific or practical purposes, and that one can be deceived about whether the train is moving relative to that frame. The second point is more obscure. Le Dantec had taken him to mean that one could only get to grips with a movement by imagining that one is oneself the mover. Bergson asks who before Le Dantec had ever thought of such an extraordinary method, display:ng an asperity that Le Dantec hardly deserved, one would think; how else might one ‘enter into’ the ‘states of soul’ of something, even ‘as it were’ states, ‘by an effort of imagination’?
Absolute and relative. Absolute motion To say that space or time is absolute can mean one of two things. (Cf. M. ) It may be contrasted with the Leibnizian view that space and time are relations between the things commonly said to be ‘in’ them and all motion is relative. For the absolutist space and time provide a framework prior to their contents and in principle there can be space void of objects and time void of events. Or the contrast may be rather with Einstein’s view that the spatiotemporal relation between things may differ according to the frame of reference one adopts, not just in the trivial sense that whether A is to the left of B depends on where one views them from, but in the sense that the length of a body or the temporal order of two events may differ for different observers.