By Melvin Oliver, Thomas Shapiro
The award-winning Black Wealth / White Wealth deals a strong portrait of racial inequality in response to an research of non-public wealth. Melvin Oliver and Thomas Shapiro's groundbreaking examine analyzes wealth - overall resources and accounts instead of source of revenue on my own - to discover deep and protracted racial inequality in the US, and so they exhibit how public regulations have didn't redress the matter. First released in 1995, Black Wealth / White Wealth is taken into account a vintage exploration of race and inequality. It supplied, for the 1st time, systematic empirical facts that defined the racial inequality hole among blacks and whites. The 10th Anniversary variation comprises fullyyt new and major chapters. those chapters examine the ongoing problems with wealth and inequality in the United States and the hot rules which have been introduced some time past ten years. a few were innovative whereas others merely recreate inequality - for instance the inspiration to cast off the property tax. Compelling and in addition informative, Black Wealth / White Wealth isn't just pioneering examine. it's also a strong counterpoint to arguments opposed to affirmative motion and an immediate problem to present social welfare guidelines which are tilted in the direction of the rich.
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Extra info for Black Wealth White Wealth: A New Perspective on Racial Inequality 2E
These findings and reactions from bankers and community activists appeared in newspapers across the country. Bankers refuted the study’s findings, labeling it unfair because “creditworthiness” was not considered. A later Federal Reserve study in 1992, taking creditworthiness into account, tempered the severity of bias but not the basic conclusion. We discuss this report more thoroughly in chapter 6. The problem goes beyond redlining. Not only were banks reluctant to lend in minority communities, but the Federal Reserve study indicates that discrimination follows blacks no matter where they want to live and no matter how much they earn.
Rates of 34 percent and huge balloon payments were not uncommon. Mainstream banks repurchased many of these loans, and the subsequent foreclosure rates were very high. Civil rights activists noted, as reported in the 23 January 1989 Los Angeles Times, that this “rape” of minority communities was aided and abetted by the Reagan administration’s weakening of the regulatory system built up in the 1960s and 1970s to combat redlining. In Atlanta Christine Hill’s story is typical. It started with a leaky roof and ended in personal bankruptcy, foreclosure, and eviction.
The administrative dictates outlined in the original act, while containing no antiurban bias, functioned in practice to the neglect of central cities. indb 17 3/23/06 4:54:18 PM 18 / Oliver and Shapiro areas outside of the central city that had yet to be developed over congested central-city areas; second, a bias toward new purchases over repair of existing homes prompted people to move out of the city rather than upgrade or improve their existing residences; and third, the continued use of the “unbiased professional estimate” that made older homes and communities in which blacks or undesirables were located less likely to receive approval for loans encouraged purchases in communities where race was not an issue.