By Marisa von Bülow
"Building Transnational Networks tells the tale of the way a huge workforce of civil society companies got here jointly to contest loose alternate negotiations within the Americas. in response to learn in Brazil, Chile, Mexico, the U.S., and Canada, it bargains a whole hemispheric research of the production of civil society networks as they engaged within the politics of alternate. the writer demonstrates that the majority effective transnational actors are those with powerful family roots and that 'southern' agencies occupy key nodes in exchange networks. The fragility of activist networks stems from adjustments within the household political context in addition to from features of the corporations, the networks, or the activities they adopt. those findings enhance and recommend new understandings of transnational collective action"-- Read more...
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"Building Transnational Networks tells the tale of ways a large workforce of civil society businesses got here jointly to contest loose exchange negotiations within the Americas. in line with study in Brazil, Chile, Mexico, the us, and Canada, it deals a whole hemispheric research of the production of civil society networks as they engaged within the politics of alternate.
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Additional info for Building transnational networks : civil society and the politics of trade in the Americas
2 presents a schematic overview of the resulting organizational pathways. This typology owes much to the one proposed by Sidney Tarrow (2005: ch. 9). As Tarrow argues, with respect to the endurance of coalition-building initiatives, actors may participate in campaigns or event 13 28 This defi nition is based on the one provided by Keck and Sikkink (1998: 3). Multiple Pathways to Transnationality coalitions that have a limited lifespan, or they may become a part of more continuous coalition-building efforts.
Different pathways have various political requirements and consequences. It is not clear which one can be considered the most effective or desirable. Whereas at least a part of the domestic collective action literature has emphasized the positive impacts of the creation of institutionalized social movement organizations,14 the transnational collective action literature has tended to celebrate the informal, diffuse, and flexible linkages among actors. In fact, there is a broad agreement that transnational campaigns, which do not have permanent staff or offices and are focused on specific demands and issues, are the most feasible form of coalition building across borders (Anheier and Themudo 2002; Tarrow and della Porta 2005).
As Helmut Anheier and Nuno Themudo have demonstrated, although the number of international nongovernmental organizations increased steadily between 1981 and 2001, the most numerous organizational forms were found in the category “internationally-oriented national organizations” (Anheier and Themudo 2002: 194). The case of challengers of trade agreements in the Americas illustrates the expansion and diffusion of new organizational pathways that vary considerably according to the site of activism and its duration.