By Paul the Apostle (Possibly)
Were you aware that for hundreds of years Bibles used to include a small Epistle from Paul to the Laodiceans? it's referenced in Colossians four vers sixteen. After this letter has been learn to you, see that it's also learn within the church of the Laodiceans and that you just in flip learn the letter from Laodicea. (Colosse and Laodicea are below fifteen miles apart.)
The oldest recognized Bible reproduction of this epistle is within the Fulda manuscript written for Victor of Capua in 546. it really is pointed out by means of a variety of writers from the fourth century onwards, particularly by way of Gregory the good, to whose impression may possibly eventually be due the widespread prevalence of it in Bibles written in England; for it really is commoner in English Bibles than in others.
However this epistle isn't with out controversy. there is not any proof of a Greek textual content. The epistle seems in additional than a hundred manuscripts of the Latin Vulgate (including the oldest, the distinguished codex Fuldensis, 546 CE), in addition to in manuscripts of early Albigensian, Bohemian, English, and Flemish types. on the shut of the tenth century Aelfric, a monk in Dorset, wrote a treatise in Anglo-Saxon at the previous and New Testaments, during which he states that the apostle Paul wrote 15 Epistles. In his enumeration of them he position Laodiceans after Philemon. approximately 1165 CE John of Salisbury, writing concerning the canon to Henry count number of Champagne (Epist. 209), recognizes that 'it is the typical, certainly nearly common, opinion that there are just 14 Epistles of Paul ... however the fifteenth is that that is written to the church of the Laodiceans'.
The Epistle to the Laodiceans is incorporated in all 18 German Bibles revealed sooner than Luther's translation, starting with the 1st German Bible, issued by way of Johann psychological at Strassburg in 1488. In those the Pauline Epistles, with the Epistle to the Hebrews, instantly keep on with the Gospels, with Laodiceans status among Galatians and Ephesians. within the first Czech (Bohemian) Bible, released at Prague in 1488 and reprinted numerous instances within the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, Laodiceans follows Colossians and precedes I Thessalonians.
It was once now not until eventually the Council of Florence (1439-43) that the See of Rome added for the 1st time a express opinion at the Scriptural canon. within the checklist of 27 books of the hot testomony there are 14 Pauline Epistles, that to the Hebrews being final, with the booklet of Acts coming instantly sooner than the Revelation of John. The Epistle to the Laodiceans is noteably absent.
This Epistle to the Laodiceans has been hugely esteemed through a number of realized males of the church of Rome and others, together with the Quakers, who've published a translation and plead for it as canon. even though there are numerous students who write it off as a forgery. Their most powerful objection being no surviving Greek text.
Sixtus Senensis mentions manuscripts, the single within the Sorbonne Library at Paris, that is a really historical replica, and the opposite within the Library of Joannes a Viridario, at Padmus, which he transcribed and released, and that is the authority for the interpretation below.
(There is usually a truly previous translation of this Epistle within the British Museum, one of the Harleian MSS., Cod. 1212.)
Read this epistle for your self and judge when you imagine it's forgery or the phrases of Paul.