Download e-book for kindle: Comparing Empires: European Colonialism from Portuguese by Jonathan Hart

By Jonathan Hart

What do the visible and textual representations of the hot international need to let us know in regards to the complexity of the relationships among the most important empires and the people who hostile and favorite colonial growth? by means of consulting infrequent manuscripts, pictures, maps and books, Jonathan Hart explores the rather missed empires of Portugal and the Netherlands to attract new conclusions approximately these of Spain, France, and England (Britain, in addition to its successor the United States). The e-book levels from the Portuguese voyages to and around Africa via Columbus and his French and English successors to the Spanish-American battle of 1898 and concentrates at the frictions and moving rivalries one of the empires. by means of concentrating on cultural elements of the sea-borne empires of Western Europe and their exploration
and cost of the hot global, the booklet contributes to the real debate of colonial and postcolonial experiences and makes a unique contribution via arguing for the need of the learn of background during this debate--that is seeing the colonial within the postcolonial.
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Extra info for Comparing Empires: European Colonialism from Portuguese Expansion to the Spanish-American War

Example text

Cabral was obviously interested in knowledge of languages and the sea in his quest to set up Portugal as the leading force in trade in the Indian Ocean. 105 Where persons or ships are from and whether they are allied or not means a great deal in this critical time of flux in the Indian trade. There were many dangers on these trips. A shipwreck in the Gulf of Melindi, which this anonymous narrative described, illustrates this point. 107 Trade and intelligence were important aspects of the writing about this voyage.

Caminha, after just having expressed his doubts and his acknowledgment of the difficulties of knowing and appearances, says “I have no doubt” and “I believe” to confirm the strong possibility of conversion of the Tupi. Still, this certainty is based on what preceded and the “if ” of the convicts’ ability to learn the language of the Tupinamba and to come to understand them. Caminha appeals to divine providence as the reason for Cabral’s coming upon this people and land new to the Portuguese and for their task of converting the Tupi to Christianity.

55 Portuguese and Tupinamba mingled thereafter, exchanging linen caps and bows and other goods for bows and arrows. 56 Here is a mixture of ethnological detail and prurience. The innocence of the Tupi women is part of a representation by someone whose culture expects shame and nakedness to be tied, as it is in the Book of Genesis, but finds a kind of natural or paradisal attitude without guilt. Whether there is a shamelessness in Caminha is another matter. This letter admits the difficulty of reading signs, particularly between two cultures that have been linguistically and culturally isolated from each other.

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