By John S.
From the booklet - Preface:
This handbook has been compiled to supply time frames, exertions crews and kit spreads to aid the estimator in capsulizing an estimate for the install of cross-country pipelines, marshland pipelines, nearshore and surf area pipelines, submerged pipelines, wharfs, jetties, dock amenities, single-point morring terminals, offshore drilling and creation structures and kit and appurtenances put in thereon.
The time frames and hard work and kit spreads which look all through this guide are the results of many time and approach reports performed lower than diverse stipulations and at destinations during the international; those time frames and hard work and kit spreads mirror an entire, independent view of all operations concerned.
When one is engaged in compiling an estimate from any info offered by means of others, as is the case with this guide, he should still view it in an aim mild, giving due attention to the character of the undertaking handy and comparing all goods which could impact the productiveness of work and all different components concerned.
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Additional info for Cost Estimating Manual for Pipelines and Marine Structures
Condensing domestic water heater. • Stack damper for gas-ﬁred domestic water heater. Energy Conservation and Audits 43 Lighting • Higher efﬁciency lighting. • Replace incandescent lights with more efﬁcient technology. • Reduce excessive light levels by de-lamping. • Combine de-lamping and reﬂectors to maintain light levels. Other Power factor correction for groups of large motors. • May Only Be Viable During New Construction • Replace ﬂat ﬁlters with angled ﬁlters. • Water-side economizer to make chilled water with just cooling towers, if air economizers are not used.
Low ﬂow faucets and shower heads. • Insulate bare hot water piping. • Flyers to encourage energy conservation. Possible shared savings or picnic, etc. Retroﬁt—Or Upgrade at Normal Replacement Heating and Cooling Higher efﬁciency heating and cooling equipment. • • Increase roof insulation thickness to current energy code level as part of roof replacement. • Window replacement. 28 Green Facilities Handbook Water Heating • Condensing domestic water heater. • Stack damper for gas-ﬁred domestic water heater.
Annual maintenance on all heat transfer surfaces, including good quality ﬁlters, cleaning coils, cleaning tubes. • Use cog belts instead of standard V-belts for large motors. Low Cost/No Cost Occupancy sensors for lighting in meeting rooms and day-time ofﬁce • areas. • Insulate bare hot piping for domestic water. • Low ﬂow faucets. Retroﬁt—Or Upgrade At Normal Replacement Heating and Cooling Higher efﬁciency heating and cooling equipment. • • Heat recovery from exhaust air, where exhaust is continuous.