By John S.
From the ebook - Preface:This guide has been compiled to supply time frames, hard work crews and kit spreads to aid the estimator in capsulizing an estimate for the install of cross-country pipelines, marshland pipelines, nearshore and surf region pipelines, submerged pipelines, wharfs, jetties, dock amenities, single-point morring terminals, offshore drilling and construction structures and gear and appurtenances put in thereon. The time frames and hard work and kit spreads which look all through this guide are the results of many time and technique reports performed below different stipulations and at destinations during the global; those time frames and hard work and kit spreads replicate an entire, independent view of all operations concerned. while one is engaged in compiling an estimate from any details supplied by means of others, as is the case with this guide, he should still view it in an goal mild, giving due attention to the character of the venture handy and comparing all goods which can impact the productiveness of work and all different parts concerned.
Read or Download Cost Estimating Manual for Pipelines and Marine Structures (Estimator's Man-Hour Library) PDF
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Extra info for Cost Estimating Manual for Pipelines and Marine Structures (Estimator's Man-Hour Library)
Condensing domestic water heater. • Stack damper for gas-ﬁred domestic water heater. Energy Conservation and Audits 43 Lighting • Higher efﬁciency lighting. • Replace incandescent lights with more efﬁcient technology. • Reduce excessive light levels by de-lamping. • Combine de-lamping and reﬂectors to maintain light levels. Other Power factor correction for groups of large motors. • May Only Be Viable During New Construction • Replace ﬂat ﬁlters with angled ﬁlters. • Water-side economizer to make chilled water with just cooling towers, if air economizers are not used.
Low ﬂow faucets and shower heads. • Insulate bare hot water piping. • Flyers to encourage energy conservation. Possible shared savings or picnic, etc. Retroﬁt—Or Upgrade at Normal Replacement Heating and Cooling Higher efﬁciency heating and cooling equipment. • • Increase roof insulation thickness to current energy code level as part of roof replacement. • Window replacement. 28 Green Facilities Handbook Water Heating • Condensing domestic water heater. • Stack damper for gas-ﬁred domestic water heater.
Annual maintenance on all heat transfer surfaces, including good quality ﬁlters, cleaning coils, cleaning tubes. • Use cog belts instead of standard V-belts for large motors. Low Cost/No Cost Occupancy sensors for lighting in meeting rooms and day-time ofﬁce • areas. • Insulate bare hot piping for domestic water. • Low ﬂow faucets. Retroﬁt—Or Upgrade At Normal Replacement Heating and Cooling Higher efﬁciency heating and cooling equipment. • • Heat recovery from exhaust air, where exhaust is continuous.